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INSTITUT PASTEUR IN MADAGASCAR

The Institut Pasteur in Madagascar (founded in 1899) is a member of the Institut Pasteur International Network under the supervision of the Malagasy Ministry of Health and Family Planning. This institute has been officially recognized by the Government of the Malagasy Republic as an organisation "d'utilité publique" (as beneficial to the public at large) for its major role in public service.

Today, the Institut Pasteur in Madagascar is a leading Biomedical Research Centre which hosts 240 employees, including 40 researchers.

Four main missions have been assigned to this institute in Madagascar:

  • Research activities - directly applied to national health priorities;

  • Public health activities - as the WHO and National Reference Centre, the Institut Pasteur in Madagascar has also been designated by the Ministry of Health to carry-out expert missions and public health interventions;

  • Training and education activities - essential in the Malagasy context; and

  • Service activities - through the analyses provided by the Center of Clinical Biology, the Laboratory of Food Hygiene and Environment, and the International Center for Immunization, the Institut Pasteur in Madagascar offers useful services for the local population.

Institute activities include medical and food biology, microbiology, virology, parasitology, bacteriology, entomology, and epidemiology applied to infectious diseases.

Currently, the epidemiological landscape of antimicrobial resistance, including the neonatal infection rate, is not well known in Madagascar.

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However, previous studies have shown the existence of extended spectrum cephalosporin resistant bacteria in non-hospitalized children.

For the BIRDY project purpose, the Institut Pasteur in Madagascar will set up two neonatal cohorts; one in the urban center of Antananarivo, and one in the rural district of Moramanga. During the pilot phase of the project approximately 500 newborns will be recruited per site and followed for 6 months in order to study all bacterial infections during this period. As a partner organisation of the BIRDY project, Institut Pasteur in Madagascar is also a full Member of its Steering Committee. Involved in infectious disease studies in more than 30 sites in the country including Antananarivo and Moramanga, the Institut Pasteur in Madagascar, and more specifically the staff involved in the project, is highly experienced in implementing and following large cohorts.




The BIRDY project Team

The project team will unite staff from the Epidemiology unit, the Clinical Biology Center and the Experimental Bacteriology Laboratory which are involved in microbiological diagnosis and Public Health surveys.

The coordinating group at the local level

Dr Jean-Marc Collard, Senior scientist (PhD) with experience in bacteriology, molecular biology, and public health.  Head of the Unit of Experimental Bacteriology at the Institut Pasteur in Madagascar. Research interests include infectious diseases including bacterial meningitis, flu, rotavirus, whooping cough, and typhoid fever.  

Dr Perlinot HERINDRAINY, Physician, Master 2 in Tropical Medicine and Public Health Epidemiology Unit Pasteur Institute in Madagascar

OPERATING PARTNERS

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FOCUS ON MADAGASCAR

(data extracted from the CIA world-fact book)

Population:
21,926,221 (July 2011 est.)

Urban population:
30% of total population (2010)

Birth rate:
51.45 deaths/1,000 live births/ World ranking: 45

Infant mortality rate:
total: 99.38 deaths/1,000 live births
country / World ranking: 6

Major infectious diseases:
Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal
diarrhea, Hepatitis
Vectorborne diseases: chikungunya, dengue, rift-valley, malaria, plague
Water contact diseases: schistosomiasis, Tuberculosis, Typhoid fever, B Hepatitis
Economy: country comparison by GDP: ranks 123


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